The federal government wants to undermine biology with a historic law: From mid-2023, every citizen over the age of 14 should be able to change their gender and name at the registry office!
Justice Minister Marko Bušman (44, FDP) and Family Minister Lisa Paus (53, Greens) presented the cornerstone of the new law on self-determination on Thursday.
BILD answers important questions about the controversial law:
► What is the point of the law?
Under the Transgender Act of 1980 (which will be repealed by reform), anyone who previously wanted to change gender had to go through a lengthy procedure. This includes two psychological reports (each costing around 1000 euros), in which numerous intimate questions (including masturbation behavior) had to be answered.
“There is no justification for this,” said Justice Minister Buschmann.
► What exactly is planned?
At the registry office, anyone over the age of 14 can choose their own name and gender – even without changing their gender.
► How many times can you change gender?
Once a year! However, Paus and Buschmann assume that only a few people would change gender more than once, and that proportion is only 1 in 1.5%.
► Could men be registered as women at the registry office to gain professional advantages?
Theoretically yes! However, Paus and Buschmann emphasize that their law aims, among other things, to prevent discrimination against transgender people in the workplace.
► What counts in sports?
Sports associations decide on access to sports competitions at their own risk.
► What about children and young people?
For minors up to 14 years of age, legal guardians must submit a declaration of change to the registry office. Young people from 14 years of age can submit the statement themselves with the consent of their parents. I: If the parents are against the conversion and their child insists, the family court will decide.
CDU/CSU criticize this, they want a psychological report for under 18s!
► Are there penalties?
Yes! who for example B. after renaming the old name, a person must expect a fine.
► What is valid if I have a new name, but no change of gender, e.g. B. going to the “wrong” public toilet?
It’s not clear! The Ministry of Justice explains: “The use of public toilets is not subject to special legal regulations. It will also not be regulated by the Law on Self-Determination.”
The Association for the Protection of Children was satisfied with the foundation stone, the churches, on the other hand, are very reserved: you have to judge that “in peace”.